- Mobility on demand - The core of this grant program is mobility on demand, which involves using modern technology to create better transportation networks.
- Shared mobility and public transit - While shared mobility operators are major partners in MOD programs, transit agencies often worry these companies are dangerous competition. This article looks at research into the relationship between private shared mobility and public transit.
- Public private partnership - This article looks more generally at public-private partnerships and their role in transit.
- Interagency coordination - In addition to working with the private sector, several MOD Sandbox grantees are coordinating with other agencies. This article explains how to effectively structure interagency collaborations.
- Flexible transportation services - While fixed-route service is the backbone of public transit, the MOD program is looking at flexible services as a way to reach more riders in areas where fixed-route service is impractical.
- Last mile connections - Dealing with the problem of first mile/last mile connections is a big part of several MOD Sandbox grant projects.
- Scoop - San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit was awarded one of the grants to partner with carpooling app Scoop to provide first mile/last mile service to and from stations.
- OpenTripPlanner - Two grant winners are using OpenTripPlanner software in their projects. TriMet currently uses it and will expand its functionality to include shared mobility providers. Vermont Agency of Transportation has built a statewide trip planner for both fixed-route and flexible service based on GTFS-flex.