Bus Network Redesign

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A transit agency may elect to conduct a bus network redesign if it determines that the existing bus network does not meet the needs of current desired travel patterns. This is likely to occur in cities and regions where development patterns, job types and locations, and/or demographics have changed substantially, and where the bus route network has remained relatively unchanged.

List of bus network redesigns

Transit Agency Date Initiated Date Implemented Scope More info
Houston Metro ?? August 1, 2015 Full network redesign System Reimagining[1]
Santa Clara Valley Transit Authority ?? In planning Full network redesign VTA Next Network[2]
City of Richmond and Greater Richmond Transit Company January 2016 In planning Full network redesign Richmond Transit Network Plan[3]

Frequent Networks

So-called "frequent networks" are a pillar of modern network planning practice, founded on the assumption that frequent bus routes (frequent meaning different things in different contexts, but generally those that run at least every 15 minutes) are of particular value to riders and should be planned (and mapped[4]) in a distinct way. Frequent networks feature prominently in many modern bus network redesigns, for example the Houston Metro System Reimagining.

Frequent networks may also be implemented and/or mapped without a comprehensive network redesign. Washington Metro, for example, created a frequent network map in response to local stakeholder feedback.[5]

List of Frequent Networks

Transit Agency Date Implemented Implemented with redesign? More info
Washington Metro ?? No WMATA Bus Maps[6]
San Francisco Municipal Transportation Authority April 2015 No Human Transit: A world-class transit map unveiled[7]

More resources:


  1. Archived Houston Metro 'System Reimagining' Website. http://www.ridemetro.org/Pages/Reimagining.aspx
  2. VTA Next Network Project Webpage. http://www.vta.org/projects-and-programs/transit/next-network
  3. Richmond Transit Network Plan Website. http://www.richmondtransitnetwork.com/
  4. Walker, Jarrett. Human Transit (2010). Basics: The Case For Frequency Mapping, http://www.humantransit.org/2010/08/basics-the-case-for-frequency-mapping.html
  5. Alpert, David. Greater Greater Washington (2012). WMATA Makes New Diagrammatic Bus Maps. https://ggwash.org/view/28913/wmata-makes-new-diagrammatic-bus-maps
  6. WMATA Maps Webpage. https://www.wmata.com/schedules/maps/
  7. Walker, Jarrett. Human Transit (2015). A world-class transit map unveiled. http://humantransit.org/2015/04/san-francisco-world-class-transit-map-unveiled.html