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== Introduction ==
When the focus of a bus or rail operator is taken away from their surroundings, risk of collision and injury increases. Distracted driving is a serious safety concern and many agencies have taken steps to discourage these behaviors. Some states have enacted distracted driving laws with penalties for driving while using cell phones, for example <ref>USDOT. http://www.distraction.gov/ Accessed 13:30 on 26 January 2014</ref>. In California, all bus drivers are legally prohibited from any cell phone use in the performance of their duties.
An example of risk operators may not consider is capped water bottles: operators may take a drink while waiting at a stop light and subsequently drop the cap as the light turns green. If the operator is concerned about the cap rolling away, or perhaps under a pedal, they may take their eyes off the road to pick it up. This increases risk of collision. Operators may use water bottles without screw-on caps, but better is to discourage these habits except when parked.
* Agency information while driving * Other passengers
Assist with better training and guidance, awareness of the risk of distraction.
=== Agency distractions ===
== Further Reading ==