'''This article is in progress'''
== Intro ==
The "last-mile" or "first and last-mile" connection describes the beginning or end of
a personal trip made primarily by public transportation. In many cases, people will walk to transit if it is within 1/4 mile (CITE WALKER). However, on either end of a public transit trip, the origin or destination may be difficult or impossible to access by a short walk. This gap from public transit to destination is termed a ''last mile connection''.
A common example relates to intercity rail: a traveler may be able to reach their local train station, but would have no way to reach their final destination after getting off the train in another city. The traveler may have been able to drive to the train station at the start of their trip and park their car, or perhaps they took a local bus or walked. The train carries them a long distance to another city where the train station is too far from the final destination to walk. Without some form of connection in the destination city, no traveler would take the train in this scenario, because they become effectively stranded at the end. This example can be applied to any mode of transit to varying degrees.
== Last Mile Connections ==
In reality, the last mile connection is more complex than the example above. Walking is often an acceptable
last mile connection, but typically up to about 1/4 mile. Transit agencies may be concerned about major destinations that are more than 1/4 mile away from the nearest transit stop. Sometimes even walking is not an option, perhaps because of lacking infrastructure. In other cases, a long-distance line like a train may serve destinations with infrequent or nonexistent transit service.
There are many strategies for providing last mile connections:
=== Pedestrians and Cyclists ===
ADA-compliant pedestrian infrastructure is a foundation of local travel anywhere, and is especially important in planning transit stations. Bicycling is another key component, which extends the range of mobility and improves access, if it is safe to bike. Biking requires parking, like cars and the design of bike racks (or lockers) should be considered carefully. Bike share is a next-step to providing good bike infrastructure. Especially in larger cities, bike share can be critical for one or both ends of a trip for all transit users. Advanced bike share programs may be more challenging to implement in smaller, isolated cities. Instead, it may be more practical to make arrangements with local bike shops to have information or bike rentals near transit.
=== Wayfinding ===