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Automated passenger counter

481 bytes added, 16:58, 25 October 2017
''This article is a stub. Know more about APCs? You can [[HelpFile:ContentsAPCdiagram.jpg|help by contributing to TransitWikithumbnail|right|The Automatic Passenger Counter tracks passengers entering and exiting transit vehicles.]]'' {{Stub}}
== Introduction ==
[[File:APCdiagram.jpg|thumbnail|right|The Automatic Passenger Counter tracks passengers entering and exiting transit vehicles.]]
An '''Automated Passenger Counter (APC)''' is an electronic device available for installation on transit vehicles including buses and rail vehicles which accurately records boarding and alighting data. This technology can improve the accuracy and reliability of tracking transit ridership over traditional methods of manual accounting by drivers or estimation through random surveying. These devices are becoming more common among American transit operators seeking to improve the accuracy of reporting patronage as well as analyzing transit use patterns by linking boarding and alighting data with stop or station location.
== Technology ==
One way APCs work is by using infared lights above the doorways to a vehicle. A set of invisible (to the human eye) beams of infared light shine down, spaced so that the order in which the beam is broken by a person determines if they are entering or exiting the vehicle. Except in extreme crush-loads the accuracy of this technology is quite high.  Alternatively, CCTV cameras can be used together with intelligent people counters to log numbers of people getting on and off at each stop or station. These video passenger counting systems can be over 98% accurate.<ref>[ Automatically Counting Passengers], Retail Sensing, Retrieved 5 October 2015</ref> With CCTV counting, operators can verify that the system is counting properly simply by watching the video back - this shows people getting on and off the vehicle together with the increasing counts.
The APC computer can also integrate with an on-board GPS system to link passenger data to vehicle location. This provides a wealth of data for agencies to analyze about the utilization of the system based on location, direction of travel, and time.
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